What does the dictionary say?
However, I would like to define it as,
the ability of a resource to engage in an activity to maximise its produce, output, utility in terms of quantity as well as quality.
How is Productivity different from Efficiency?
Efficiency as a ratio of output to input is a highly tangible parameter, measurable numerically. Whereas, productivity is a superset of various possible outcomes a resource could possibly deliver. Within each one of them, the efficiency could be measured further.
With the development of management tools, HR training and methodologies and technology, developing efficiency, today, is no big deal. But increasing productivity deserves a keen thought and attention from the intellectual and people oriented acumen of a good leader.
Whereas efficiency development is the portfolio of the Manager, I would emphasise that productivity is the portfolio of the Leader.
What are the contributing factors for better productivity?
1. Various faculties of the intellect:
For eg. In a cricket team, an all-rounder, who can bat as well as bowl is a more productive resource. In soccer, a forward player, who is good at shooting goals, giving passes, tackling the opponent and dribbling is more productive as compared to another forward who is good only at shooting goals.
5. Dealing with pressure
The resilience and perseverance of a person to stay calm in challenging situations and not allow his above four abilities to get affected.
Preparing a tangible curriculum to harness and kindle the intangible, is not a forte, more than a handful of educators on the planet can boast of.
The good news is that, yet there are a few who have achieved unprecedented success in this seemingly highly improbable feat. One of them is the global humanitarian, philanthropist & spiritual leader from India, Gurudev Sri Sri Ravi Shankar, the founder of Art of Living.
I was lucky enough to attend a program designed by him called DSN, which allowed me to uncover and enhance those very five aspects of intellect, talent, skill, creativity and dealing with pressure in my career as a Computer Software professional and it worked wonders.